Dot Technology  
  Flower Horn Paradise 
Concept, Design, Maintained by Dot Technology. 19998-2002
  Diseases & Medications 

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A healthy living condition, with good water quality would minimize the chances of falling ill, that is why we use NESH Life Water for our aquarium.

However, to avoid any mistakes in medication and prevention of diseases, sufficient knowledge and understanding is compulsory to make you a successful breeder.

     [ External / Physical Injuries ]

Just like we human, open wound left unattended or treated will lead to infection. On a fish, infection will lead to the damage of their body surface, gills and mouth. As soon as you noticed the symptoms or infection, treat it as soon as possible.

When the skin is rotting, or when the body or gills of the fish is infected, first of all, add in the antibacterial and small amount of salt into a proprietary tap water conditioner to prevent further parasite, germs or bacterial infections. If the injuries is too serious, you can lift up the fish from the water and apply "Mercurouchrome" and veterinary iodine-base antiseptics onto the wounds. If outbreak happen, quarantine the fish to prevent the disease from affecting other fish.

Bacterial and fungal diseases infection can be treated with Methylene Blue (1-3 ppm  dosage) or with Furazolidone (0.5 - 1mg/L dosage) or Chlorotetracycline (10-20 mg/L dosage). While your injured Flower Horn on medication, keep a close watch for the development of any possible further symptoms. Monitor the medication concentration from time to time and changes water when necessary.

     [ White Spot Disease or "Ich" ]

Most common observed infection is the White Spot Disease. Reason behind this is because of the sudden changes of the water temperature.

Your fish will be covered with white cysts on the skin, fins and gills. Heavily infected fish looks as if they have been sprinkled with sugar and pepper grains.

They may scratch themselves against rocks, gravel or decorations in the aquarium.

Add a little amount of salt ( 3 ~ 5 g/L) into the water, increase the water temperature up to 30 C or slightly above until the symptoms disappear.Interspersing / Adding "Methylene Blue" (2 mg/L), "Malachite Green" (0.1 ~ 0.2 mg/L) into the water for 3 ~ 5 days may help too.

     [ Hole-In-The-Head Disease ]

The infection of this disease could be due to either lack of nutrition from imbalance diet or parasites. However, the main reason for the infection is due to the lack of nutrition. Typical parasite known to produce this type of result is a protozoan parasite, Hexamita.

Small holes, especially the head region. Body will turn into dark color.

Infected fish will lose their appetite and developed a hollow-bellied appearance, with pale, stringy faeces. Erosions and pitting of the head, will erode the whole body and brain before killing your Flower Horn. After the body is infected, intestine and abdominal cavity will also get infected. At this stage, the waste excretion will be in white color. The situation could be further worsened by the changes of the water temperature, high density, imbalanced nutrition, lack of oxygen supply and water condition.

Once infection has been detected, Calcipot D3 can be added into fish food to provide phosphate, calcium, vitamin A, D3 and other minerals and vitamins. Alternatively, Dimetridazole (5mg/L) and Flagyl (5mg/L) are being used as the medicine to cure this disease by doing it according to the instructions provided on the label.

Beside preventions, early realization and getting immediate treatment is equally important too

     [ Gill Disease ]

Poor water condition is likely to be a main contributor factor that causes gill disease, or from dirty baits infection.

Symptoms / Behavior:
Rapid gills movements, fins being clamped together, swollen gills and discolored gill filaments with excess mucus. In general, gills diseases are divided into 2 main types: bacterial infections and parasites infections. Different type will bring different symptoms and undoubtedly, different ways of curing affected fish.

For gill disease caused by parasites infections, treatment is done with formalin (150 ~ 150 ppm), then changing the water after an hour or treats it with metriphonate (0.25 ~ 0.4 mg/L);
For gill disease caused by bacterial infections, it is suggest to use Furaltadone ( 10 ~ 10 mg/L), Tetracycline ( 10 ~ 20 mg/L) and other medicines for treatment.

While treating the gill disease caused by parasite infections, the medicine will destroy the bacteria, therefore, improve the general water conditions often eases this problem. It would be better to use activated carbon or change the water in order to filter off the medicine and built up the biological filter system earlier on.

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